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Dr. Kyaw Tha Paw U’s
                  Biomicrometerology site!

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

Journal Publications:

Zhou, Y., Wu, X., Ju, W., Chen, J. M., Wang, S., Wang, H., Wenping ,Y., Black, A., Jassal, R., Ibrom, A., Han, S., Yan, J., Margolis, H., Roupsard, O., Li, Y., Zhao, F., Kiely, G., Starr, G., Pavelka, M., Montagnani, L., Wohlfahrt, G., D’Odorico, P., Cook, D., M.A., Bonal, D., Beringer, J., Blanken, P., Loubet, B., Leclerc, M., Matteucc, G., Nagy, Z., Olejnik, J., Paw U, K.T., and Varlagin A, 2015. Global parameterization and validation of a two-leaf light use efficiency model for predicting gross primary production across FLUXNET sites Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences.

Wei, S., Yi, C., Hendrey, G., Eaton, T., Rustic, G., Wang, S., Liu, H., Krakauer NY., Wang W., Desai, A.R., Montagnani, L., Paw U, K.T., Falk, M., Black, A., Bernhofer, C., Grünwald, T., Laurila, T.,Cescatti, A., Moors, E., Bracho, R., and Valentini, R., 2014. Data-based perfect-deficit approach to understanding climate extremes and forest carbon assimilation capacity Environmental Research Letters, 9(6), 065002.

Yaghoobian, N., Kleissl, J., and Paw U, K. T., 2014. An Improved Three-Dimensional Simulation of the Diurnally Varying Street-Canyon Flow.Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 1-26.

Xu, L., Pyles, R. D., Paw U, K. T., Chen, S. H., and Monier, E., 2014. Coupling the high complexity land surface model ACASA to the mesoscale model WRF. Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss., 7, 2829-2875, doi:10.5194/gmdd-7-2829-2014.

Shapland, T.M., Snyder,R.L., Paw U, K.T., McElrone, A.J., 2014. Thermocouple frequency response compensation leads to convergence of the surface renewal alpha calibration. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 189–190, 36-47, doi: 10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.01.008

McElrone, A. J., Shapland, T. M., Calderon, A., Fitzmaurice, L., Paw U, K. T., Snyder, R. L., 2013. Surface Renewal: An Advanced Micrometeorological Method for Measuring and Processing Field-Scale Energy Flux Density Data. J. Vis. Exp. (82), e50666, doi:10.3791/50666.

Shapland, T. M., McElrone, A. J., Paw U, K. T., Snyder, R. L., 2013. A turnkey data logger program for field-scale energy flux density measurements using eddy covariance and surface renewal. Italian Journal of Agrometeorology 1: 1-9.

Ferguson, W.J., Louie, R.F., Tang, C.S., Paw U, K.T., Kost, G.J.,2013. Dynamic Temperature and Humidity Environmental Profiles: Impact for Future Emergency and Disaster Preparedness and Response. Prehospital and disaster medicine Vol. 29, No. 1. doi:10.1017/S1049023X13009199.

Zulueta, R.C., Oechel, W.C., Gioli, B., Verfaillie, J.G.,Lawrence, W.T., Hastings, S.J., and Paw U, K.T., 2013. Aircraft regional-scale flux measurements over complex landscapes of mangroves, desert, and marine ecosystems of Magdelena Bay, Mexico. J. Atmos. Ocean Tech. doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-12-00022.1

Ikawa, H., Faloona, I., Kochendorfer, J., Paw U, K.T. & Oechel, W.C., 2013. Air-sea exchange of CO2 at a Northern California coastal site along the California Current upwelling system. Biogeosciences 10, 4419-4432.

Shapland, T.M., McElrone, A.J., Snyder, R.L., and Paw U, K.T., 2012. Structure function analysis of two-scale scalar ramps. Part I: Theory and Modeling. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 145:5-25.

Shapland, T.M., McElrone, A.J., Snyder, R.L., and Paw U, K.T., 2012. Structure function analysis of two-scale scalar ramps. Part II: Ramp Characteristics and surface renewal flux estimation. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 145:27-44.

Wharton, S., Falk, M., Bible, K., Schroeder, M., and Paw U, K.T. 2012. Old-growth CO2 flux measurements reveal high sensitivity to climate anomalies across seasonal, annual and decadal time scales. Agric. Forest Meteorol. 161:1-14.

Zona, D., Lipson, D.A., Paw U, K.T., Oberbauer, S.F., Olivas, P., Gioli, B., and Oechel, W.C. 2012. Increased CO2 loss from vegetated drained lack turndra ecosystems due to flooding. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 26:DOI 10.1029/2011GB004037.

Niu, S., Luo, Y., Fei, S.,Yuan, W., Schimel, D., Law,B.E.,Ammann,C., Arain,M.A.,Arneth,A., Aubinet,M.,Barr,A.,Beringer,J.,Bernhofer,C.,Black,T.A.,Buichmann, Cescatti,A. ,Chen,J., Davis,K.J.,Dellwik,E.,Desai,A.R.,Etzold,S.,Francois,L.,Gianelle,D.,Gielen,B.,Goldstein, A.,Groenendijk,M.,Gu,L.,Hanan,N.,Helfter,C.,Hirano,T., Hollinger, D.Y., Jones,M.B., Kiely,G., Kolb, T.E., Kutsch,W.L., Lafleur,P., Lawrence,D.M., Li,L., Lindroth,A., Litvak,M., Loustau,D.,Lund,M.,Marek,M., Martin,T.A.,Matteucci,G.,Migliavacca,M.,Montagnani,L., Moors,E., Munger,J.W., Noormets, A., Oechel, W., Olejnik, J., Paw U, K.T., Pilegaard, K., Rambal, S., Raschi, A., Scott, R.L., Seufert, G., Spano, D., Stoy, Pl, Sutton, M.A., Varlagin, a.,Vesala, T. Weng, E., Wohlfahrt, G., Yang, B., Zhang, Z., Zhou, X., 2012. Thermal optimality of net ecosystem exchange of carbon dioxide and underlying mechanisms. New Phytologist DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2012.04095.x.

Lee X., Goulden, M.I., Hollinger, D.Y, Barr, A., Black, T.A., Bohrer, G., Bracho, R., Drake, B., Goldstein, A., Gu, l., Katul, G., Kolb, T., Law, B.E., Marolis, H., Meyers, T., Monson, R., Munger, W., Oren, R., Paw U, K.T., Richardson, A.D., Schmid, H-P., Staebler, R., Wofsy, S., Zhao, L., 2011. Observed increase in local cooling effect of deforestation at higher latitudes. Nature 479:384-387.

Marras, S., Pyles, R.D., Sirca, C., Paw U, K.T., Snyder, R.L., Duce, P., and Spano, D., 2011. Evaluation of the advanced cananopy-atmosphere soil algorithm (ACASA) model performance over Mediterranean maquis ecosystem. Agric. Forest Meteor. 151:730-745.

Kochendorfer, J. and Paw U, K.T., 2011. Field estimates of scalar advection across a canopy edge. Agric. Forest Meteorol., 151:585-594.

Kochendorfer, J., Castillo, E.G., Haas, E., Oechel, W.C., and Paw U, K.T., 2011. Net ecosystem exchange, evaporation, and canopy conductance in a riparian forest. Agric. Forest Meteorol., 151: 544-552.

Zulueta, R., Oechel, W.C., Loescher, H.W., Lawrence, W.T., and Paw U, K.T., 2011. Aircraft-derived regional scale CO2 fluxes from vegetated drained thaw-lake basins and insterstitial tundra on the Arctic Coastal Plain of Alaska. Global Change Biology doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02433.x.

Xiao, J.F., Zhuang, Q.L.,Law, B.E., Baldocchi, D.D., Chen, J.Q., Richardson, A.D., Mellilo, J.M., Davis, K.J., Hollinger, D.Y., Wharton, S., Oren, R., Noormets, A., Fischer, M.L., Verma, S.B., Cook, D.R., Sun, G., McNulty, S., Wofsy, S.C., Bolstad, P.V.,Burns, S.P., Curtis, P.S., Drake, B.G., Falk, M., Foster, D.R., Gu, L.H., Hadley, J.L., Katul, G.G.,Litvak, M., Ma, S.Y., Martinz, T.A., Matamala, R., Meyers, T.P., Monson, R.K.,Munger, J.W.,Oechel, W.C., Paw U, K.T., Schmid, H.P., Scott, R.L., Starr, G., Suyker, A.E. and Torn, M.S., 2011. Estimation of Net Ecosystem Carbon Exchange for the Conterminous United States by Combining MODIS and AmeriFlux Data, Agric. Forest Meteorol. 151:60-69.

Staudt, K., Falge, E., Pyles, R.D., Paw U, K.T., Foken, T., 2010. Senstivity and predictive uncertainty of the ACASA model at a spruce forest site. Biogeosciences 7:3685-3705.

Yi CX, Ricciuto D, Li R, Wolbeck J, Xu XY, Nilsson M, Aires L Albertson JD, Ammann C, Arain MA, de Araujo AC, Aubinet M, Aurela M, Barcza Z, Barr A, Berbigier P, Beringer J, Bernhofer C, Black AT, Bolstad PV, Bosveld FC, Broadmeadow MSJ, Buchmann N, Burns SP, Cellier P, Chen JM, Chen JQ, Ciais P, Clement R, Cook BD, Curtis PS, Dail DB, Dellwik E, Delpierre N, Desai AR, Dore S, Dragoni D, Drake BG, Dufrene E, Dunn A, Elbers J, Eugster W, Falk M, Feigenwinter C, Flanagan LB, Foken T, Frank J, Fuhrer J, Gianelle D, Goldstein A, , Granier A, Grunwald T, Gu L, Guo HQ, Hammerle A, Han SJ, Hanan NP, Haszpra L, Heinesch B, Helfter C, Hendriks D, Hutley LB, Ibrom A, Johansson T, Jongen M, Katul G, Kiely G, Klumpp K, Knohl A, Kolb T, Kutsch WL, Lafleur P, Laurila T, Leuning R, Lindroth A, Liu HP, Loubet B, Manca G, Marek M, Margolis HA, Martin TA, Massman WJ, Matamala R, Matteucci G, McCaughey H, Merbold L, Meyers T, Migliavacca M, Miglietta F, Misson L, Moelder M, Moncrieff J, Monson RK, Montagnani L, Montes-Helu M, Moors E, Moureaux C, Mukelabai MM, Munger JW, Myklebust M, Nagy Z, Noormets A, Oechel W, Oren R, Pallardy SG, Paw U, K.T., Pereira JS, Pilegaard K, Pinter K, Pio C, Pita G, Powell TL, Rambal S, Randerson JT, von Randow C, Rebmann C, Rinne J, Rossi F, Roulet N, Ryel RJ, Sagerfors J, Saigusa N, Sanz MJ, Mugnozza GS, Schmid HP, Seufert G, Siqueira M, Soussana JF, Starr G, Sutton MA, Tenhunen J, Tuba Z, Tuovinen JP, Valentini R, Vogel CS, Wang JX, Wang SQ, Wang WG, Welp LR, Wen XF, Wharton S, Wilkinson M, Williams CA, Wohlfahrt G, Yamamoto S, Yu GR, Zampedri R, Zhao B, Zhao XQ, 2010. Climate control of terrestrial carbon exchange across biomes and continents. Environmental Research Letters 5:article number 034007 DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/5/3/034007.

Gea-Izquierdo, G., Makela, A., Margolis, H., Bergeron, Y., Black, T.A., Dunn, A., Hadley, J., Paw U, K.T., Falk, M., Wharton, S., Monson, R., Hollinger, D.Y., Larila, T., Aurela, M., McCaughey, H., Bourque, C., Vesala, T., and Berninger, F., 2010. Modeling acclimation of photosynthesis to temperature in evergreen conifer forests. New Phytologist 188:175-186.

Hollinger, D.Y., Ollinger, S.V., Richardson, A.D., Meyers, T.P., Dail, D.B., Martin, M.E., Scott, N.A., Arkebauer, T.J., Baldocchi, D.D., Clark, K.L., Curtis, P.S., Davis, K.J., Desai, A.R., Dragon, D., Goulden, M.L., Gu, L., Katul, G.G., Pallardy, S.G., Paw U, K.T., Schmid, H.P., Stoy, P.C., Suyker, A.E., and Verma, S.B. 2010. Albedo estimates for land surface models and support for a new paradigm based on foliage nitrogen concentration. Global Change Biology DOI 10.1111/j. 1365-2486.2009.02028.x.

Zona, D., Oechel, W.C., Peterson, K.M., Clements, R.J., Paw U, K.T., and Ustin, S.L. 2010. Characterization of the carbon fluxes of a vegetated drained lake basin chronosequence on the Alaskan Arctic Coastal Plain. Global Change Biology 16:1870-1882; doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02107.x.

Xiao, J.F., Zhuang, Q.L.,Law, B.E., Chen, J.Q., Baldocchi, Cook, D.R., Oren, R., D.D., Richardson, A.D., Wharton, S., Ma, S.Y., Martin, T.A., Verma, S.B., Suyker, A.E., Scott, R.L., Monson, R.K., Litvak, M., Hollinger, D.Y., Sun, G., Davis, K.J., Bolstad, P.V., Burns, S.P., Curtis, P.S., Drake, B.G., Falk, M., Fischer, M.L., Foster, D.R., Gu, L.H., Hadley, J.L., Katul, G.G.,Roser, M., McNulty, S., Meyers, T.P., Munger, J.W., Noormets, A., Oechel, W.C., Paw U, K.T., Schmid, H.P., Starr, G., Torn, M.S. and Wofsy, S.C., 2010. A Continuous Measure of Gross Primary Production for the Conterminous U.S. Derived from MODIS and AmeriFlux Data, Remote Sens. Env. 114:576-591.

Stoy, P.C., Richardson, A.D., Baldocchi, D.D., Katul, G.G., Stanovick, J., Mahecha, M.D., Reichstein, M., Detto, M., Law, B.E., Wohlfahrt, G., Arriga, N., Campos, J., McCaughey, J.H., Montagnani, L., Paw U, K.T., Sevanto, S., and Williams, M. 2009. Biosphere-atmosphere exchange of CO2 in relation to climate: across-biome analysis across multiple time scales. Biogeosciences 6:2297-2312.

Zona, D., Oechel, W.C., Kochendorfer, J., Paw U, K.T., Salyuk, A.N., Olivas, P.C., Oberbauer, S.F., and Lipson, D.A., 2009. Methane fluxes during the initiation of a large-scale water table manipulation experiment in the Alaskan Arctic tundra. Global Biogeochm. Cycles 23:GB2013,doi:10.1029/2009GB003487.

Wharton, S., Schroeder, M., Bible, K., Paw U, K.T., and Falk, M. 2009. Stand-level gas-exchange responses to seasonal drought in very young versus old Douglas-fir forests of the Pacific Northwest, USA. Tree Physiology 29: 959-974.

Wharton, S., Schroeder, M., Paw U, K.T., Bible, K., and Falk, M. 2009. Turbulence consideration for comparing ecosystem exchange over old-growth and clear-cut stands for limited fetch and complex canopy flow conditions. Agric. Forest. Meteorol. 149:1477-1490.

Wharton, S., Chasmer, L., Falk, M., and Paw U, K.T. 2009. Strong links between teleconnections and canopy CO2 exchange found at a Pacific Northwest old-growth forest from flux tower and MODIS EVI data. Global Change Biology 15:2187-2205.

Stoy, P.C., Richardson, A.D., Baldocchi, D.D., Katul, G.G., Stanovick, J., Mahecha, M.D., Reichstein, M., Detto, M., Law, B.E., Wohlfahrt, G., Arriga, N., Campos, J., McCaughey, J.H., Mongagnani, L., Paw U, K.T., Sevanto, S., and Williams, M, 2009. Biosphere-atmosphere exchange of CO2 in relation to climate: a cross-biome analysis across multiple time scales. Biogeosciences Discussion 6:4095-4141.

Snyder, R.L., Spano, D., Duce, P., Paw U, K.T., and Rivera, M., 2008. Surface Renewal estimation of pasture evapotranspiration. J. Irrig. Drainage Eng. ASCE 134:716-721.

Ollinger, S.V., Richardson, A.D., Martin, M.E., Hollinger, D.Y., Frolking, S.E. Reich, P.B., Plourde, L.C., Katul, G.G., Munger, J.W., Oren, R., Smithb, M.L., Paw U, K.T., Bolstad, P.V., Cook, B.D., Day, M.C., Martin, T.A., Monson, R.K., and Schmid, H.P., 2008. Canopy nitrogen, carbon assimilation, and albedo in temperate and boreal forests: functional relations and potential climate feedbacks. Proc. National Acad. Sci. 105:19336-19341.

Xiao, J.F. Zhuang, Q.L., Baldocchi, D.D., Law, B.E., Richardson, A.D., Chen, J.Q., Oren, R., Starr, G., Noormets, A, Ma, S.Y., Verma, S.B., Wharton, S., Wofsy, S.C., Bolstad, P.V.,Burns, S.P., Cook, D.R., Curtis, P.S., Drake, B.G., Falk, M., Fischer, M.L., Foster, D.R., Gu, L.H.,Hadley, J.L., Hollinger, D.Y., Katul, G.G., Litvak, M., Martin, T.A., Matamala, R., Martin, T.A.,Matamala, R., McNulty, S., Meyers, T.P., Monson, R.K., Munger, J.W., Oechel, W.C., Paw U, K.T., Schmid, H.P., Scott,R.L., Sun, G., Suyker, A.E., and Torn, M.S., 2008. Estimation of net ecosystem carbon exchange for the conterminous United States by combining MODIS and Ameriflux data. Agric. Forest Meteorol. 148:1827-1847.

Falk, M., Wharton, S., Schroeder, M., Ustin, S., and Paw U, K.T. 2008. Flux partitioning in an old-growth forest: seasonal and interannual dynamics. Tree Physiology 28:509-520.

Misson, L., Baldocchi, D.D., Black, T.A., Blanken, P.D., Brunet, Y., Yuse, J.C., Dorsey, J.R., Falk, M., Granier, A., Irvine, M.R., Jarosz, N., Lamaud, E., Launiainen, S., Law , B.E., Longdoz, B., Lustau, D., Mckay, M., Paw U, K.T., Vesala, T., Vickers, D., Wilson, K.B., Golstein, A.H. 2007. Partitioning forest carbon fluxes with overstory and understory eddy-covariance measurements: A synthesis based on FLUXNET data. Agric. Forest Meteorol. 144:14-31.

Yang, B., Shaw, R.H., and Paw U, K.T. 2006. Wind loading on trees across a forest edge: A large eddy simulation. Agricult. and Forest Meteorol. 141:133-146.

Yang, B., Morse, A.P., Shaw, R.H., and Paw U, K.T. 2006. Large-eddy Simulation of Turbulent Flow across a Forest Edge. Part II: Momentum and Turbulent Kinetic Energy Budgets. Boundary-Layer Meteorology pgs.1-25, DOI 10.1007/s10546-006-9083-3.

Yang, B., Raupach, M.R., Shaw, R.H., Paw U, K.T. and A.P. Morse. 2006. Large-eddy Simulation of Turbulent Flow across a Forest Edge. Part I: Flow Statistics. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 120:377-412.

Lai, C. T., J. Ehleringer, B. Bond, and K.T. Paw U, 2006, Contributions of evaporation, isotopic non-steady state transpiration, and atmospheric mixing on the 18O of water vapor in Pacific Northwest coniferous forests. Plant, Cell and Environment, 29(1), 77-94.

Falk, M., Paw U, K.T., Wharton, S., Schroeder, M., 2005. Is soil respiration a major contributor to the carbon budget within a Pacific Northwest old-growth forest? Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 135:259-283.

Lai, C-T., Ehlringer, J.R., Schauer, A.J., Tans, P.P., Hollinger, D.Y., Paw U, K.T., Munger, J.W., and Wofsy, S.C., 2005. Canopy-scale 13C of photosynthetic and respiratory CO2 fluxes: observations in forest biomes across the United States. Global Change Biology 11:633-643.

Holzinger, R., Lee, A., Paw U, K.T. and Goldstein, A.H. 2005. Observations of oxidation products above a forest imply biogenic emissions of very reactive compounds. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 5: 67-75.

Pyles, R.D., Paw U, K.T. and Falk, M.B. 2004. Directional wind shear within an old-growth temperate rainforest: observations and model results. Agricult. Forest Meteorol. 125:19-31.

Paw U, K.T., Falk, M., Suchanek, T.H., Ustin, S.L., Park, Y-S., Winner, W.E., Thomas, S.C., Hsiao, T.C., Shaw, R.H., King, T.S., Pyles, R.D., Schroeder, M., 2004. Carbon Dioxide Exchange Between an Old growth forest and the atmosphere. Ecosystems 7:513-524.

Park, Y.S. and Paw U, K.T., 2004. Numerical estimations of horizontal advection inside canopies. J. Appl. Meteorol. 43:1530-1538.

Fitzmaurice, L., Shaw, R.H., Paw U, K.T. and Patton, E.G., 2004. Three-dimensional scalar microfront systems in a large-eddy simulation of vegetation canopy flow. Boundary-layer Meteorol. 112:107-127.

Drexler, J.Z., Snyder, R.L., Spano, D., and Paw U, K.T., 2004. A review of models and micrometeorological methods used to estimate wetland evapotranspiration. Hydrological Processes 18:2071-2101.

Unsworth, M.H., Phillips, N., Link, T., Bond, B., Falk, M., Harmon, M., Hinckley, T., Marks, D., and Paw U, K.T., 2004. Components and Controls of Water Flux in an Old-growth Douglas-fir–Western Hemlock Ecosystem. Ecosystems 7:468-481.

Chen, J., Paw U, K.T., Ustin, S.L., Suchanek, T.H., Bond, B.J., Brosofske, K.D., Falk, M. 2004 Net Ecosystems Exchanges of Carbon, Water, and Energy in in Young and Old-Growth Douglas Fir Forests. Ecosystems 7:534-544.

Pyles, R.D., Weare, B.C., Paw U, K.T., Gustafson, W., 2003. Coupling between the University of California, Davis, Advanced Canopy-Atmosphere-Soil Algorithm (ACASA) and MM5: Preliminary Results for July 1998 for Western North America. J. Appl. Meteorol. 42:557-569.

Falge, E., Baldocchi, D., Tenhunen, J, Aubinet, M., Bakwin, P.,Berbigier, P., Bernhofer, C.,Burba, G.,Clement R., Davis K., Elbers, J.A., Goldstein, A.H., Grelle, A., Granier, A, Guðmundsson, J.,Hollinger, D., Kowalski, A.S., Katul, G., Law, B.E., Malhi, Y., Meyers, T., Monson, R.K., Munger, J.W., Oechel, W, Paw U K.T., Pilegaard, K., Rannik, U., Rebmann, C., Suyker, A., Valentini, R., Wilson, K., Wofsy, S., 2002. Seasonality of ecosystem respiration and gross primary production as derived from fluxnet measurements. Agric. For. Meteorol.113:39-51.

Falge, E., Tenhunen, J, Baldocchi, D., Aubinet, M., Bakwin, P.,Berbigier, P., Bernhofer, Bonnefond, J-M., C.,Burba, G.,Clement R., Davis K., Elbers, J.A., Falk, M., Goldstein, A.H., Grelle, A., Granier, A, Grunwald, T., Guðmundsson, J., Hollinger, D., Jansen, I.A., Kowalski, A.S., Katul, G., Law, B.E., Malhi, Y., Meyers, T., Monson, R.K., Moors, E., Munger, J.W., Oechel, W, Paw U K.T., Pilegaard, K., Rannik, U., Rebmann, C., Suyker, A., Thorgeirsson , H., Tirone, G., Turnipseed, A., Wilson, K., Wofsy, S., 2002. Phase and amplitude of ecosystem carbon release and uptake potentials as derived from fluxnet measurements. Agric. For. Meteorol.113:53-73.

Law, B.E., Falge, E., Gu, L., Baldocchi, D.D., Bakwin, P., Berbigier, P., Davis K., Dolman, A.J., Falk, M., Fuentes, J.D., Goldstein, A.H., Grelle, A., Granier, A, Hollinger, D., Jansen, I.A., Jarvis, P., Jensen, N.O., Katul, G., Malhi, Y., Matteucci, G., Meyers, T., Monson, Munger, J.W., Oechel, W, Olson, R., Pilegaard, K., Paw U, K.T., Thorgeirsson , Valentini, R., Verma, S., Vesala, T., Wilson, K. and Wofsy , S. 2002. Environmental Controls over Carbon Dioxide and Water Vapor Exchange of Terrestrial Vegetation. Agric. For. Meteorol.113:97-120.

Chen, J, M. Falk, E. Euskirchen, K. T. Paw U, T. H. Suchanek, S. L. Ustin, B. J. Bond, K. D. Brosofske, N. Phillips, and R. Bi. 2002. Biophysical Controls of Carbon Flows in Three Successional Douglas-fir Stands Based upon Eddy- Covariance Measurements. Tree Physiology 22:169-177.

D. Baldocchi, E. Falge, L, Gu, R. Olson, D. Hollinger, S. Running, P. Anthoni, C. Bernhofer, J. Fuentes, A. Goldstein, G. Katul, B. Law, X. Lee, Y. Mahli, T. Meyers, W. Munger, W. Oechel, K.T. Paw U, K. Pilegaard, R. Valentini, S.Verma, T. Vesala, K. Wilson, and S. Wofsy. 2001. FLUXNET: A New Tool to Study the Temporal and Spatial Variability of Ecosystem-Scale Carbon Dioxide, Water Vapor and Energy Flux Densities. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 82:2415–2434.

Pyles, R.D., Weare, B.C., and Paw U, K.T., 2000. The UCD advanced-canopy-atmosphere-soil algorithm (ACASA): Comparisons with observations from different climate and vegetation regimes. Quart. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 126:2951-2980.

Paw U, K.T., Baldocchi, D.D., Meyers, T. P., and Wilson, K., 2000. Correction of eddy-covariance measurements incorporating both advective effects and density fluxes. Boundary-layer Meteorol., 97:487-511.

Spano, D., Snyder, R.L., Duce, P., and Paw U, K.T., 2000. Estimating sensible and latent heat flux densities from grapevine canopies using surface renewal. Agric. Forest. Meteorol. 104:171- 183.

Baldocchi, D., Finnigan, J., Wilson, K., Paw U., K.T., and Falge, E. 2000. On measuring net ecosystem carbon exchange over tall vegetation in complex terrain. Boundary-layer Meteorol., 96:257-291.

Pastuszka, J.S., Paw U, K.T., Lis, D.O., Wlazlo, A., Ulfig, K. 2000. Bacterial and fungal aerosol in indoor environment in Upper Silesia, Poland. Atmos. Env. 34:3833-3842.

Su, H.B., Shaw, R.H., and Paw U, K.T., 2000. Two-point correlation analysis of neutrally stratified flow within and above a forest from large-eddy simulation. Boundary-layer Meteorol., 94:423-460.

Pastuszka, J.S., Kabala-Dzik, A., and Paw U, K.T., 1999. A study of fibrous aerosols in the home environment in Sosnowiec, Poland. The Science of the Total Environment, 229:131-136.

Su, H.B., Shaw, R.H., Paw U, K.T., Moeng, C-H., and Sullivan, P.P., 1998. Turbulent statistics of neutrally stratified flow within and above a sparse forest from large-eddy simulation and field observations. Boundary-layer Meteorol., 88:363-397.

Paw U, K.T., 1997. The modeling and analysis of crop canopy interactions with the atmosphere under global climatic change conditions. J. Agric. Meteorol. (Japan) 52:429-428.

Snyder, R.L., Paw U, K.T., Spano, D., and Duce, P., 1997. Surface renewal estimates of evapotranspiration. Theory. Acta Horticult., 449:49-55.

Spano, D., Snyder, R.L., Duce, P., and Paw U, K.T., 1997. Surface renewal analysis for sensible heat flux density using structure functions. Agric. Forest Meteorol. , 86:259-271.

Spano, D., Duce, P., Snyder, R.L., and Paw U, K.T., 1997. Surface renewal estimates of evapotranspiration. Tall Canopies. Acta Horticult., 449:63-68.

Kramm, G., Foken, T., Mölders, N., Muller, H., and Paw U, K.T., 1996. The sublayer-Stanton numbers of heat and matter for different types of natural surfaces. Contri. Atmos. Phys. 69:417-430.

Su, H.B., Paw U, K.T., and Shaw, R.H., 1996. Development of a coupled leaf and canopy model for the simulation of plant atmosphere interactions. J. Appl. Meteorol. 35:733-748.

Snyder, R.L., Spano, D., and Paw U, K.T., 1996. Surface renewal analysis for sensible and latent heat flux density. Boundary Layer Meteorol. 77:249-266.

Paw U, K.T., Qiu, J. , Su, H.B., Watanabe, T., and Brunet, Y., 1995. Surface renewal analysis: a new method to obtain scalar fluxes without velocity data. Agric. For. Meteorol. 74:119-137.

Qiu, J., Paw U, K.T. and Shaw, R.H., 1995. The leakage problem of orthonormal wavelet transforms when applied to atmospheric turbulence. J. Geophy. Res.-Atmos. 100-ND12:25769-25779.

Paw U, K.T. and Braaten, D.A., 1995. New perspectives on rebound and reentrainment processes. Aerosol Sci. Tech. 23:72-79.

Qiu, J., Paw U, K.T. and Shaw, R.H., 1995. Pseudo-wavelet analysis of turbulence patterns in three vegetation layers. Boundary-layer Meteorol. 72:177-204.

Pederson, J.R., Massman, W.J., Mahrt, L., Delany, A. and Oncley, S., Den Hartog, G., Neumann, H.H., and Mickle, R.E., Shaw, R.H., Paw U, K. T., Grantz, D.A., Macpherson, J.I., Desjardins, R., Schuepp, P.H., Pearson, R. Jr., and Arcado, T.E., 1995. California ozone deposition experiment: Methods, results and opportunities. Atmos. Environ. 29:3115-3132.

Ashktorab, H., Pruitt, W.O., and Paw U, K.T., 1994. Partitioning of evapotranspiration using lysimeter and micro-Bowen-ratio systems. J. Irrig. Drain. Eng., 120:450-464.

Braaten, D.A., Shaw, R.H., and K.T. Paw U, 1993. Boundary-layer structures associated with particle reentrainment. Boundary-layer Meteorol. 65:255-272.

Snyder, R.L. and K.T. Paw U, 1993. Estimating ET using turbulent coherent structures. In Management of Irrigation and Drainage Systems. ASCE, 1993. pp. 930-936.

Paw U, K.T., Y. Brunet, S. Collineau, R.H. Shaw, T. Maitani, J. Qiu and L. Hipps, 1992. On coherent structures in turbulence within and above agricultural plant canopies. Agric. For. Meteorol. 61:55-68.

Paw U, K.T. and D.A. Braaten, 1992. Experimental evidence of the importance of rebound in net deposition of particles. Aerosol Sci. Tech. 17:278-288.

Snyder, R. L., Paw U, K.T. and J.F. Thompson, 1992. Passive and active frost protection. Fruit Gardener 24(4):7-9.

Paw U, K.T., 1992. Development of models for thermal infrared radiation above and within plant canopies. J. Photogrammetry Remote Sens. 47:189-203.

Braaten, D.A. and K.T. Paw U, 1992. A net deposition model. Aerosol Sci. Tech. 17:289-302.

Gao, W., R.H. Shaw and K.T. Paw U, 1992. Conditional analysis of temperature and humidity microfronts and ejection/sweep motions within and above a deciduous forest. Boundary Layer Meteorol. 59:35-57.

Paw U, K.T., 1992. Rebound and reentrainment of large particles. in Precipitation Scavenging and Atmosphere-Surface Exchange, Vol. 2, coordinators Schwartz, S.E. and Slinn, W.G.N., Hemisphere Publishing Co., Washington. pp. 1153-1161.

Zhang, Changan, R.H. Shaw and K. T. Paw U, 1992. Spatial characteristics of turbulent coherent structures within and above an orchard canopy. in Precipitation Scavenging and Atmosphere-Surface Exchange. Vol. 2, coordinators Schwartz , S.E. and Slinn, W.G.N., Hemisphere Publishing Co., Washington. pp. 741-751.

Paw U, K.T., 1992. A discussion of the Penman form equations and comparisons of some equations to estimate latent energy flux density. Agric. For. Meteorol. 57:297-304.

Braaten, D.A. and K. T. Paw U, 1992. A Stochastic particle resuspension and deposition model. in Precipitation Scavenging and Atmosphere-Surface Exchange, Vol. 2, coordinators Schwartz, S.E. and Slinn, W.G.N., Hemisphere Publishing Co., Washington. pp. 1143-1150.

Shaw, R.H., K.T. Paw U, X. J. Zhang, W. Gao, G. den Hartog and H.H. Neumann, 1990. Retrieval of turbulent pressure fluctuations at the ground surface beneath a forest. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 50:319-338.

Braaten, D.A., K.T. Paw U, and R.H. Shaw, 1990. Particle resuspension in a turbulent boundary layer - Observed and modeled. J. Aerosol Sci. 21:613-628.

Majewski, M.S., D.E. Glotfelty, K.T. Paw U, and J.N. Seiber, 1990. A field comparison of several methods for measuring pesticide evaporation rates from soil. Environ. Sci. Tech. 24:1490-1497.

Jayaweera, G.R., D.S. Mikkelsen and K.T. Paw U, 1990. Ammonia volatilization from flooded soil system: A computer model. III. Validation of the Model. Soil Sci. Amer. J., 54:1462-1468.

Paw U, K.T. and L.T. Meyers, 1989. Investigations with a higher-order canopy turbulence model into mean source-sink levels and bulk canopy resistances. Agric. For. Meteorol., 47:259-272.

Paw U, K.T., S. Ustin and C. Zhang, 1989. Anisotropy of thermal infrared exitance in sunflower canopies. Agric. For. Meteorol., 48:45-58.

Shaw, R.H., K.T. Paw U and W. Gao, 1989. Detection of temperature ramps and flow structures at a deciduous forest site. Agric. For. Meteorol., 47:123-138.

Ashktorab, H., W.O. Pruitt, K.T. Paw U and W.V. George, 1989. Energy balance determination close to the soil surface using a micro-Bowen ratio system. Agric. For. Meteorol., 46:259-274.

Gao, W., R.H. Shaw and K.T. Paw U. 1989. Observations of organized structure in turbulent flow within and above a forest canopy. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 47:349-377.

Paw U, K.T. and C. Hotton. 1989. Optimum pollen and female receptor size for anemophily. Amer. J. Bot. 76(3): 445-453. 1989.

Greek, T.J., K.T. Paw U and W.W. Weathers. 1989. A comparison of operative temperature estimated by taxidermic mounts and meteorological data. J. Therm. Biology., 14:19-26.

Paw U, K.T. and W. Gao. 1988. Applications of solutions to non-linear energy budget equations.Agric. For. Meteorol., 43:121-145.

Paw U, K.T. 1988. Temperature and heat production patterns inside organism clusters. Int. J. Biometeorol., 32:73-77.

Meyers, T.P. and K.T. Paw U. 1987. Modelling the plant canopy micrometeorology with higher-order closure principles. Agric. and For. Meteorol., 41:143-163.

Paw U, K.T. 1987. Mathematical analysis of the operative temperature and energy budget. J. Thermal Biol., 12:227-233.

Snyder, R.L., R.H. Shaw and K.T. Paw U. 1987. Humidity conversions using a computer program . Appl. Agric. Res. 2:183-192.

Meyers, T.P. and K.T. Paw U. 1986. Testing of a higher order closure model for modeling airflow within and above plant canopies. Boundary Layer Meteorol., 37:297-311.

Andresen, J., W.W. McFee, J.L. Ahlrichs and K.T. Paw U. 1985. Wet atmospheric deposition in Indiana. Proceedings, Indiana Academy of Science, 94:521-527.

Andresen, J. and K.T. Paw U. 1985. Modeling of sulfur dioxide emissions and acidic precipitation at mesoscale distances. J. Air Poll. Control Assoc., 35:1159-1163.

Paw U, K.T., R.H. Shaw, and T.P. Meyers. 1985. Evaporation as modelled by a higher order closure scheme. In Advances in Evapotranspiration. 43-50.

Paw U. K.T. and C.S.T. Daughtry. 1984. A new method for the estimation of diffusive resistance of leaves. Agric. For. Meteorol., 33:141-155.

Paw U. K.T. 1984. Dimensional aspects of aerosol deposition on cylinders with rebound. J. Aerosol ci., 15:657-660.

Paw U. K.T. 1984. Comments on foliage and air temperatures: evidence of a dynamic "equivalence point". Agric. For. Meteorol., 31:83-85.

Paw U. K.T. 1983. A Universal equation for reentrainment. Precipitation Scavenging, Dry Deposition and Resuspension, Pruppacher, H.R., et al., coordinators. Elsevier, New York pgs. 1111-1120.

Paw U. K.T. 1983. Rebound of particles from natural surfaces. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 93:442-452.

Paw U. K.T. 1983. A theoretical basis for the leaf equivalence point temperature. Agric. Meteorol. 30:247-256.

Niklas, K.J. and K.T. Paw U. 1983. Conifer ovulate cone morphology: implications on pollen impact patterns. Amer. J. of Botany. 70:568-577.

Paw U, K.T. and M. Gueye 1983. A comparison between theoretical potential evapotranspiration from a wetted leaf and Piche atmograph observations. Agric. Meteorol., 30:1-11.

Niklas, K.J. and K.T. Paw U. 1982. Pollination and airflow patterns around conifer ovulate cones. Science 217:442-444.

Aylor, D.E. and K.T. Paw U, 1980. The role of electrostatics in spore liberation by Drechslera turcica. Mycologia 72:1213-1219.

Paw U, K.T., 1978. Choosing dispersion coefficients for the prediction of maximum concentrations. J. Air Pol. Control Assoc. 28:1227-1228.

Solomon, S.C. and K.T. Paw U, 1975. Elevation of the olivine-spinel transition in subducted lithosphere: Seismic evidence. Physics Earth Planet. Interiors 11:97-108.

Book Chapters:

Paw U, K.T. 2008. Weather. In Goreham, G.A., Ed. Encyclopedia of Rural America. 2nd ed. Grey House Publ. Millerton, NY. Pp. 1077-1082.

Paw U, K.T., Snyder, R.L., Spano, D., and Su, H.-B. 2005. Surface Renewal Estimates of Scalar Exchange. Refereed chapter in Micrometeorology of Agricultural Systems, ed. J.L. Hatfield, Agronomy Society of America. pp. 455-483.

Lee, X., Finnigan, J., and Paw U, K.T., 2004. Coordinate Systems and Flux Bias Error. In eds. Lee, X., Massman, W., and Law, B., Handbook of Micrometeorology. Kluwer Acad. Publ., Dordrecht, the Netherlands, pp. 33-66.

Snyder, R.L., and Paw U, K.T. 2001. Surface energy balance of crops and forests. Book Chapter in Advanced Short Course on Agricultural, Forest and Micro Meteorology. Sponsored by the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR, Italy) and the University of Sassari, Italy. Bologna, Italy, 2001, pp. 13-30.

Paw U, K.T. 2001. Coherent structures and surface renewal. Book Chapter in Advanced Short Course on Agricultural, Forest and Micro Meteorology. Sponsored by the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR, Italy) and the University of Sassari, Italy. Bologna, Italy, 2001, pp. 63-76.

Paw U, K.T. 2001. Physiological control of transpiration. Book Chapter in Advanced Short Course on Agricultural, Forest and Micro Meteorology. Sponsored by the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR, Italy) and the University of Sassari, Italy. Bologna, Italy, 2001, pp. 128-132.

Paw U, K.T. 2001. CO2 exchange between vegetation and atmosphere. Book Chapter in Advanced Short Course on Agricultural, Forest and Micro Meteorology. Sponsored by the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR, Italy) and the University of Sassari, Italy. Bologna, Italy, 2001, pp. 133-139.

Paw U, K.T. 2001. Soil-plant-atmosphere models. Book Chapter in Advanced Short Course on Agricultural, Forest and Micro Meteorology. Sponsored by the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR, Italy) and the University of Sassari, Italy. Bologna, Italy, 2001., pp. 140-152.

Snyder, R.L. and Paw U, K.T. 2001. Instrumentation III: Temperature, humidity and radiation. Book Chapter in Advanced Short Course on Agricultural, Forest and Micro Meteorology. Sponsored by the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR, Italy) and the University of Sassari, Italy. Bologna, Italy, 2001, pp. 181-205.

Paw U, K.T. 2001. Instrumentation IV: Open and closed path CO2 and H2O sensors. Book Chapter in Advanced Short Course on Agricultural, Forest and Micro Meteorology. Sponsored by the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR, Italy) and the University of Sassari, Italy. Bologna, Italy, 2001, pp. 206-217.

Paw U, K.T. and Shaw, R.H., 2001. Micrometeorological measurements. Book Chapter in Advanced Short Course on Agricultural, Forest and Micro Meteorology. Sponsored by the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR, Italy) and the University of Sassari, Italy. Bologna, Italy, 2001, pp. 218-228.

Last updated April 4, 2015

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